ethnic minority literary collections


ethnic minority literary collections
Many minority groups in China have long and rich literary traditions, which mainly consist of epics, ballads, myths, legends, poems, anecdotes, words of wisdom, songs, and so forth. Most of these were created collectively and have been passed down orally from generation to generation. Only recently have efforts been made to write them down or have them published as literary collections. For example, in Tibet, it was discovered that a storyteller named Samzhub could sing 20 million words of the Tibetan religious epic Gesser despite the fact that he could not read. His words are being recorded by researchers. Samzhub is only one of many whose words have been recorded. In total, researchers have made 45,000 tapes and recorded 45 million words of various versions of Gesser told by Tibetan and Mongolian storytellers. Some of these stories have already been published.
Jangar, the heroic epic of the Mongols, was first published in Mongolian in the late 1950s, and was revised and republished in the 1980s. The hero epic of the Kirgiz in Xinjiang and Central Asia, Manas, has also been published. The Uigyurs are known for producing words of wisdom and stories of wit and humour. Kutadgu Bilig (Bule zhihui or Wisdom of Royal Glory), a long poem composed by Yusuf Khass-Hajib in the eleventh century, has attracted much academic attention, whereas stories about Afanti, a legendary figure who liked to make fun of the rich and powerful, have become popular among both adults and children throughout China. Oral traditions of some southern minority groups have also been collected, compiled and published, and these include Ashma of the Yi people and the Genesis of the Naxi people. A film based on the former became very popular nationally. The compilation, publication and translation of the literary collections of the minority groups ensure their preservation and help their spread among other ethnic groups.
Afanti de gushi (1958). Shanghai: Shanghai wenhua.
——(1959). Beijing: Zuojia.
Afanti de gushi (1963). Beijing: Zhongguo shaonian ertong.
——(1981). Beijing: Zhongguo minjian wenyi.
Ashma (1960). Kunming: Yunnan renmin.
——(1962, 1978). Beijing: Renmin wenxue.
Chuangshiji—Naxizu shishi (1962). Beijing: Renmin wenxue.
Chuangshiji—Naxizu minjian shishi (1978). Kunming: Yunnnan renmin.
Dongba jingdian xuanyi (1994). Trans. He Zhiwu. Kunming: Yunnan renmin.
Dongba wenhua cidian (1997). Trans. Li Guowen. Kunming: Yunnan jiaoyu chubanse.
Dongba xiangxing wenzi changyongci yizhu (1995).
Trans. Zhao Jingxiu. Kunming: Yunnan renmin.
Fule zhihui (1979). Trans. Geng Shimin and Wei Zuiyi. Urumqi: Xinjiang renmin.
——(1986). Trans. Hao Guanzhong. Beijing: Minzu.
Gesa’er Wang Zhuan (1980–8). Multi-volumes. Trans. Wang Yinuan et al. Lanzhou: Gansu renmin.
——(1991). Trans. Wang Qinuan and Wang Xingxian. Lanzhou: Dunhuang wenyi.
——(1991). Trans. Xu Guoqiong and Wang Xiaosong. Beijing: Zhongguo zangxue.
——(2000). Trans. Liu Liqian. Beijing: Minzu.
Jiangge’er (1983). Trans. Sedaoerji. Beijing: Renmin wenxue.
——(1993). Trans. Heile and Ding Shihao. Urumqi: Xinjiang renmin.
Zhongguo shaoshu minzu yingxiong shishi—Manasi (1990, 1995). Trans. Lang Ying. Hangzhou: Zhejiang jiaoyu.
HAN XIAORONG

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • state policies on minority cultures — The PRC’s basic policy on minority cultures is to promote and support them, provided they do not threaten the socialist state or risk separatism. The Law on Regional National Autonomy (see autonomous regions) bans discrimination against… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Macedonians (ethnic group) — This article is about the modern ethnic group. For the ancient people, see ancient Macedonians. For other uses, see Macedonian (disambiguation). Macedonians Македонци Makedonci …   Wikipedia

  • Han Shaogong — b. 1 January 1953, Changsha, Hunan Writer Han Shaogong is a writer primarily known for his ‘root searching’ literature during the early 1980s. In 1985, he published an influential essay, ‘The Roots of Literature’ (Wenxue de gen), which gave the… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Tibetans, culture of — The Tibetans, whose homeland is among the highest lying of any people’s, have two languages and many dialects, belonging to the Tibetan Burmese branch of the Sino Tibetan family. They have their own script, of seventh century origin, and in 1988… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium

  • China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …   Universalium

  • education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… …   Universalium

  • Hungary — /hung geuh ree/, n. a republic in central Europe. 9,935,774; 35,926 sq. mi. (93,050 sq. km). Cap.: Budapest. Hungarian, Magyarország. * * * Hungary Introduction Hungary Background: Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro Hungarian Empire, which… …   Universalium

  • cañada — /keuhn yah deuh, yad euh/, n. Chiefly Western U.S. 1. a dry riverbed. 2. a small, deep canyon. [1840 50; < Sp, equiv. to cañ(a) CANE + ada n. suffix] * * * Canada Introduction Canada Background: A land of vast distances and rich natural resources …   Universalium

  • Canada — /kan euh deuh/, n. a nation in N North America: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 29,123,194; 3,690,410 sq. mi. (9,558,160 sq. km). Cap.: Ottawa. * * * Canada Introduction Canada Background: A land of vast distances and rich natural… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.